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Construction of a swimming pool is a major undertaking, and choosing the right construction material is of paramount importance. Concrete, wood, fiberglass, and steel are the most commonly used materials.

Making the right choice will impact your project’s durability, aesthetics, maintenance, and overall cost.

The main swimming pool construction material options

Several types of materials are available to build a pool. Each swimming pool construction material has its advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of whether you are considering a free-form pool, an infinity pool or a wave pool, the choice of materials will play an important role in the appearance and functional capability of the pool.


Concrete is the most commonly used material for swimming pool construction. Strength and longevity are well established characteristics of this material.

Its ability to be molded into any shape makes it possible to build pools of all shapes and sizes.

All in all, concrete is an excellent material for building swimming pools of any size and design. This makes it an ideal material for creating custom pool designs that are both durable and attractive.

Le bois

Wood is a natural, warm and aesthetically pleasing material. Wooden pools blend harmoniously into any landscape. Furthermore, wooden pools are also easy to install and maintain, making them a great choice for pool owners.

Wooden pools are mostly installed above ground or semi-inground. Wood offers a rustic look and can be treated to resist weathering and pests. There are many benefits to installing a wooden pool, making it a good choice for any type of setting.

Fiberglass pool

Fiberglass shell pools are manufactured by spraying layers of resin and fiberglass onto a mold. The resin binds the glass fibers together, thereby creating a strong, watertight structure. A coat of gel coat completes the pool. The finished pool is strong, watertight, and aesthetically pleasing with its sleek and glossy finish.

The pool is pre-assembled and delivered to the installation site by truck. There are limited sizes and shapes available, but customers can choose from numerous options, such as tanning ledges, seats, vanishing edges, etc. As a result, fiberglass shells are an excellent choice for an affordable pool solution.

Stainless steel

The pool is constructed from a single piece of stainless steel, i.e., it has been prefabricated.
Stainless steel is a lightweight, self-sealing material that does not require any additional finishing. The majority of these pools are standard models, but some manufacturers also offer custom-built deck-level pools.

Stainless steel is also 90% recyclable and durable, making it an eco-friendly material for pool construction. In addition, its sleek and contemporary design will add an air of luxury and uniqueness to your pool.

Polystyrene shuttering blocks

Polystyrene shuttering blocks resemble concrete formwork blocks used in construction. They are filled with concrete and reinforced to ensure a strong and durable structure

They are lightweight and have a high thermal resistance, making them an excellent choice for pool construction. A PVC lining is necessary for the pool to be waterproof.

Every pool construction material has its contribution to make

In each case, each material has its characteristics, which makes it more suitable for certain types of pool projects than others. Here, we will discuss the main factors to consider when choosing a swimming pool construction material.

Durability and strength

Concrete and stainless steel are known for their strength and durability as they are not affected by changes in temperature or humidity, as well as their resistance to corrosion. However, wood is susceptible to rotting, warping, and cracking, which is why it requires regular maintenance in order to remain strong and attractive.

Easy installation

Fiberglass shells are easier and faster to set up than pools made from other materials. They come pre-made and can be installed in a few days. Other materials, such as concrete, require much more time and labor to install.

When selecting a material, ease of installation should not be the sole deciding factor. It is also important to consider cost, durability, and aesthetics.


Another important factor is maintenance. For instance, tiled concrete pools require regular maintenance; if the grout lines deteriorate, algae may grow. Moreover, the tiles must be inspected regularly for any signs of damage and replaced when necessary to maintain a healthy and safe pool.

Furthermore, different types of pools will require different maintenance routines; for example, wooden pools should be treated with weatherproofing and pest control products, whereas fiberglass pools require little maintenance.


Depending on the material you select, your pool will have a different aesthetic. You will find a variety of options available, whether you prefer the natural appearance of wood or the modern appearance of concrete.

Fiberglass and steel pools include a pool surface coating. Concrete pools should be finished with a coating that is chosen according to the desired look and atmosphere. Therefore, selecting the right material for your pool is critical to reaching your desired aesthetic while maintaining a high level of protection.

    Pool design support tailored to you.


    How to choose the right swimming pool construction material

    A decision such as selecting the right material for your swimming pool requires careful consideration. Consider a variety of factors to ensure that the material you select is suitable for your needs and preferences. Before making this important decision, consider the following factors:


    It is important to consider your budget when choosing a material. The durability and design flexibility of some materials, such as concrete and stainless steel, makes them more expensive than others.

    There are other materials that may be more affordable, such as fiberglass shells. In addition to the initial cost, it is also important to consider the cost of long-term maintenance.

    Durability and maintenance

    Another important factor to consider is durability. Concrete or fiberglass pools are good choices if you wish to have a pool that will last for many years.

    In contrast, each material requires a different level of maintenance. A concrete pool may require more maintenance, whereas a fiberglass pool is generally easier to maintain.


    Your choice of material can have a significant impact on the appearance of your pool.Wood is an excellent choice if you are looking for a natural aesthetic.

    In order to achieve a more modern or contemporary appearance, concrete or stainless steel might be more appropriate.

    Terrain adaptability

    It is also important to take into account the specifics of your terrain. There are some materials that are more suitable for certain types of soil or configurations of gardens than others.

    As an example, if your terrain is sloping, an infinity concrete pool may be the most appropriate option, since it can be designed to accommodate uneven terrain.

    Environmental impact

    For those who are concerned about the environment, it’s important to consider the environmental impact of the material you choose. By selecting materials with the least amount of environmental impact, you can show your commitment to protecting the environment.

    Wood, for example, is a renewable resource, but select wood from sustainably managed sources. The recycling rate of stainless steel is 90% making a stainless-steel pool an eco-friendly option.

    Conformity with local regulations

    Finally, check local pool building regulations.

    Some materials may not be permitted in certain regions due to environmental or building regulations. Local governments may require pool builders to use certain materials to meet environmental standards, such as using eco-friendly paints or materials that can withstand extreme temperatures. Additionally, certain materials may not be able to withstand the local climate, and can cause problems if used in construction.

    Catherine's advice

    ≠ 1 : Plan for the long run

    Choose a material that will stand the test of time and suit your needs and budget. Quality should be your priority, not price. Consider the long-term costs of a material, not just the initial purchase price. Be sure to research the material and its properties to ensure that it will meet your needs.

    ≠ 2 : Consider the pool surroundings

    Choose a material that blends in well with your outdoor environment. This helps your outdoor living space look natural and inviting. It also reduces the chance of your outdoor space looking out of place in its surroundings. Additionally, selecting a material that is native to the area can help create a sense of harmony with the environment.

    ≠ 3 : Don't forget maintenance

    Some swimming pool construction materials require more maintenance than others. Make sure you understand what each material entails in terms of maintenance before choosing.

    ≠ 4 : Seek professional advice

    Consulting with a trusted pool expert can help you make the most informed choice. He can provide advice on the type of pool that is best for your needs and budget. Additionally  he can also help you with the installation process and provide maintenance tips.

    ≠ 5 : Don't overlook aesthetics

    Although the material used for your swimming pool construction plays an important role in its appearance, it is not the only factor. It is just as essential to choose the right pool surface and decking material. The surface coating of the pool will determine the color of the water, while the decking material will impact the appearance of the surrounding area. Both should be selected in a way that complements the overall design of the pool and the surrounding landscape.



    Building a swimming pool is a major project that requires careful thought. The choice of construction material is one of the most crucial decisions you’ll have to make, as it will have a significant impact on the durability, maintenance, aesthetics, and cost of your pool.

    You can opt for concrete for its durability and flexibility, stainless steel for its aesthetics and eco-friendliness, fiberglass for its ease of maintenance, or wood for its natural aesthetics. Choosing a swimming pool construction material that meets your requirements and preferences is of the utmost importance.

    It is critical to remember that each material has its pros and cons, and to weigh these factors carefully before deciding. In addition, consult a professional, such as a pool plan designer. He or she will guide you through the process and help you design the pool of your dreams.