Construction of a swimming pool is a major undertaking, and choosing the right construction material is of paramount importance. Concrete, wood, fiberglass, and steel are the most commonly used materials.

Making the appropriate choice will impact your project’s durability, aesthetics, maintenance and overall cost.

The Main Swimming Pool Construction Material Options

Several types of materials are available to build a pool. Each swimming pool construction material has its advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of whether you are considering a free-form pool, an infinity pool or a wave pool, the choice of materials will play an important role in the appearance and functional capability of the pool.


Concrete is the most commonly used material for swimming pool construction. Strength and longevity are well established characteristics of this material.

Its ability to be molded into any shape makes it possible to build pools of all shapes and sizes.

All in all, concrete is an excellent material for building swimming pools of any size and design. This makes it an ideal material for creating custom pool designs that are both durable and attractive.

Fiberglass shell

Fiberglass shell pools are manufactured by spraying layers of resin and fiberglass onto a mold. The resin binds the glass fibers together, thereby creating a strong, watertight structure. A coat of gel coat completes the pool. The finished pool is strong, watertight, and aesthetically pleasing with its sleek and glossy finish.

The pool is pre-assembled and delivered to the installation site by truck. There are limited sizes and shapes available, but customers can choose from numerous options, such as tanning ledges, seats, vanishing edges, etc. As a result, fiberglass shells are an excellent choice for an affordable pool solution.


Wood is a natural, warm and aesthetically pleasing material. Wooden pools blend harmoniously into any landscape. Furthermore, wooden pools are also easy to install and maintain, making them a great choice for pool owners.

Wooden pools are mostly installed above ground or semi-inground. Wood offers a rustic look and can be treated to resist weathering and pests. There are many benefits to installing a wooden pool, making it a good choice for any type of setting.

Stainless steel

The pool is constructed from a single piece of stainless steel, i.e., it has been prefabricated.
Stainless steel is a lightweight, self-sealing material that does not require any additional finishing. The majority of these pools are standard models, but some manufacturers also offer custom-built deck-level pools.

Stainless steel is also 90% recyclable and durable, making it an eco-friendly material for pool construction. In addition, its sleek and contemporary design will add an air of luxury and uniqueness to your pool.

Polystyrene shuttering blocks

Shuttering blocks made of polystyrene are similar to concrete formwork blocks. They are filled with concrete and reinforced to ensure a strong and durable structure.

They are lightweight and have a high thermal resistance, making them an excellent choice for pool construction. A PVC lining is necessary for the pool to be waterproof.

Morana's advice 👇

Plan for the long run

Choose a material that will stand the test of time and suit your needs and budget. Quality should be your priority, not price. Consider the long-term costs of a material, not just the initial purchase price. Be sure to research the material and its properties to ensure that it will meet your needs.

Seek professional advice

Consulting with a trusted pool expert can help you make the most informed choice. He can provide advice on the type of pool that is best for your needs and budget. Additionally, he can also help you with the installation process and provide maintenance tips.

A pool design support tailored to you.


In each case, each material has its characteristics, which makes it more suitable for certain types of pool projects than others. Here, we will discuss the main factors to consider when choosing a swimming pool construction material.

Concrete and stainless steel are known for their strength and durability as they are not affected by changes in temperature or humidity, as well as their resistance to corrosion. However, wood is susceptible to rotting, warping, and cracking, which is why it requires regular maintenance to remain strong and attractive.

Fiberglass shells are easier and faster to set up than pools made from other materials. They come pre-made and can be installed in a few days. Other materials, such as concrete, require much more time and labor to install.

When selecting a material, ease of installation should not be the sole deciding factor. It is also important to consider cost, durability, and aesthetics.

Another important factor is maintenance. For instance, tiled concrete pools require regular maintenance; if the grout lines deteriorate, algae may grow. Moreover, the tiles must be inspected regularly for any signs of damage and replaced when necessary to maintain a healthy and safe pool.

Furthermore, different types of pools will require different maintenance routines; for example, wooden pools should be treated with weatherproofing and pest control products, whereas fiberglass pools require little maintenance.

Depending on the material you select, your pool will have a different aesthetic. You will find various options available, whether you prefer the natural appearance of wood or the modern appearance of concrete.

Fiberglass and steel pools include a pool surface coating. Concrete pools should be finished with a coating that is chosen according to the desired look and atmosphere. Therefore, selecting the right material for your pool is critical to reaching your desired aesthetic while maintaining a high level of protection.

How To Choose The Right Swimming Pool Construction Material

A decision such as selecting the right material for your swimming pool requires careful consideration. Consider various factors to ensure that the material you select is suitable for your needs and preferences. Before making this important decision, consider the following factors:


Building a swimming pool is a major project that requires careful thought. The choice of construction material is one of the most crucial decisions you’ll have to make, as it will have a significant impact on the durability, maintenance, aesthetics, and cost of your pool.

You can opt for concrete for its durability and flexibility, stainless steel for its aesthetics and eco-friendliness, fiberglass for its ease of maintenance, or wood for its natural aesthetics. Choosing a swimming pool construction material that meets your requirements and preferences is of the utmost importance.

It is critical to remember that each material has its pros and cons, and to weigh these factors carefully before deciding. In addition, consult a professional, such as a pool plan designer. He or she will guide you through the process and help you design the pool of your dreams.